Stationary swimming pool – doubtless attribute of luxury capable of a modest suburban house converted into a suburban villa. But at the same time it is a serious waterworks, very finansoemkoe requires precision planning and execution quality, and thus attract qualified professionals.
By appointment pool can be a sports or entertainment, in construction – open or closed. In our climatic conditions appropriate to the latter. Pool on the roof can be used all year round, and from a practical point of view it is much more convenient. Typically, homeowners some time trying to turn an outdoor pool in the indoor.
Artificial pond with light arched domes of aluminum or fiberglass – is, in fact, the same outdoor pool. This option is acceptable to the Russian winter, but needs constant care: the dome should be regularly cleaned from the snow, so they did not collapse under its weight. Capital building of the pool is more economical in maintenance and service, because the hot water requires much less energy and equipment is in benign conditions and not as likely to fail as in the case of the outdoor pool. Thus, at a substantial cost to build major pool, given the relatively low operating cost is even more advantageous. In addition, it provides an opportunity to combine under one roof the locker room, a sauna, a bathroom, a comfortable recreation room, and if desired, and a winter garden.
At the planning stage it is important to determine the pool to attach to the main building or place it away from home. But even if the buildings are united in a common set of foundation of the pool should be selected, otherwise the structure will collapse. The reason – the different shrinkage pressure.
Pools are also divided on the board and the overflow (in which the water level is flush with the floor). In the second case requires “border” of the special grooves, which poured in diving and swimming water will drain into the nearby additional capacity of large volume, and then filtered and flow back into the bowl. The organization of such a system leads to a significant rise in the cost structure. Therefore onboard pools are far more common.
The lower part of the iceberg
Considerable means the customer will have to spend on the construction of the underground part as a bowl of pool and basement. The costs vary depending on the soil type. Even before the start of the design must be pro- keep detailed geological investigations. Even normal soils may be so-called “peat pits” where the pool under unfavorable circumstances may simply fail. Therefore, experts should take the place of the proposed construction of several soil samples.
The ideal soil – sand. It will pool stable and sustainable. Soils distending (loam, clay, etc.. D.) Before the start of construction it is necessary to completely change. This significantly increases the cost of construction. Another problem – the high level of groundwater. If their level is high, you will need an additional bowl with a base thickness of 400-600 mm in the basement of. Bowl pool is set on the plate.
The main cellar should be thoroughly waterproofed both outside and inside. Outside fairly simple surface waterproofing and insulation inside – the same plus ceramic tile. Bowl pool also has an additional external and internal thermal insulation and waterproofing using inside prokleechnoy tape. There should also be full lower waterproofing. Insulation of the basement helps to avoid the accumulation of condensation on the walls of the bowl and the pool freezing in winter.
During the construction of the pool, and often there are such complex problems, such as lack of electricity supplied, which may not be enough for the full operation of the pool. Only lighting and heating (floor, windows, radiators, water itself) requires about 20 kW. But there are also specific basin equipment (eg filters), however, do not operate in continuous mode. As for the indoor swimming pool is vital intensive ventilation, need a powerful ventilation system. To avoid noise inside the buildings, put additional silencers at the inlet and release. This ventilation can not work in a closed cycle: the fresh air must be supplied, and in the winter also heated. On average ventilation requires 40 kW, sometimes even more. Water heating in the winter assumes additional power input. All wet areas should also be warm floors: to require more electrical power of 10 kW.
The presence of gas in the suburban area – the cheapest fuel – significantly reduce the cost of pool maintenance. One solution to the problem of insufficient power at the input – more boiler, such as a gas or liquid fuel.
In the latter case, additional capacity that must be contained in separate silos. You can also set on a plot of a diesel generator that will supply energy to the house and the pool complex. It generated 65 kW of power for this is quite enough.
Experts say that the details to calculate the cost of the pool, but having the specific project. Too many variables, starting from the type of soil and ending with the desired dimensions of the structure. Incidentally, the size of the pool in the presence of backflow may be reduced to 5 m without damage for swimming, just adjust the water flow rate.
On the final cost of the project is influenced by the selected construction materials. Saving them is strongly discouraged. Therefore, if necessary reinforced waterproofing tion, it must be something to do with all the rules and requirements. The basis of any pool – perfect right angle. After all, any pool – a ton of water, which not only put pressure on all sides, and constantly moving.
At the slightest breach of the rules may lead to loss of the pool, after which require costly remedial work. Ensure reliable results: the use of special waterproof concrete, waterproofing osnovatel- tion, high-quality insulation, shading a single bead and, of course, competent and conscientious builders.